Current News

Current News

CHRISTMAS DAY - December 25

CHRISTMAS DAY - December 25

12/25/2018 9:00:00 AM

Name day for: Hristo, Hristina, Christina, Kolio, Bojin, Radostin, Radomir, Mladen.

Ritual dinner: brawn, roasted pork, freshly baked bread, meat pastry, milk pastry, roasted liver, dried meat with cheese, roasted chicken.

Christmas or Big Christmas is one of the richest from ritual point of view holidays, known in Bulgaria since pagan days. Even though Ignazhden is considered the beginning of the Christmas holidays Christmas is the most important of all and it coincides with the period of the winter solstice. The relation of the holiday to that turning point in nature determines the opulence of the festive ritualism and its place in the national calendar. Usually the festive complex that marks the beginning of the new solar year is abundant in divination and predictions about the future, magic rituals, protecting rites that provide fertility and family welfare.

Christmas is a peculiar continuation of Christmas Eve, because it starts at midnight with the “Koleduvane” custom. Participants in this ritual are only men – bachelors, fiancés and young just married men. They all carry a common name, which takes different forms in the different regions of the country – koledari, koladnitsi, koledare, etc. On Ignazhden they choose a leader and group in parties of 10 to 15 people. There are also young boys in each party that walk in front of the Koledari and inform the hosts of the houses for their coming.

The Koledari wear traditional festive costumes with specially decorated caps. They walk around the town from midnight till morning. On their way they stop in front of the house doors and sing special ritual songs, utter prayers that vary in accordance with the different hosts and houses they visit. In general the songs and prayers have the sense of a ritual blessing for family happiness and rich yield on the farm. The first song usually starts with the words:

Welcome us!















We sing for you dear hosts!















We are kind guests visiting,















Kind guests, Koledari!

After the songs, the leader of the party who holds in his hands the gifts from the hosts utters a Christmas blessing: “Health from God, Merriment from us!” .

The Koledari are gifted money, meat, bacon, beans, flour, wine, etc. The Koleduvane custom ends up with a festive treat. The provisions that remain are sold and the money are given to the poor or to the church, the school, the reading club. The Koleduvane custom in western Bulgaria and the villages in the Sofia region is quite different. The party of men includes an “old man” dressed in a fur coat turned inside out, decorated with small bells and a stick in his hand, who utters blessings, also an “old woman” dressed like a bride, a “donkey” that carries the presents, a bagpipe player and a singer, one of which is called “chetnik” and says a prayer. There are no special rites that characterize Christmas. Only the festive folklore dance is of ritual nature.

SIELA 2003
SIELA 2003
5/27/2003 12:00:00 AM
XIII-th International Symposium on Electrical Apparatus and Technologies \r\nSIELA 2003 29 - 30 May 2003, Plovdiv, Bulgaria \r\nUnion of Electronics, Electrical Engineering and Co...
Bulgaria - Economy - May'2003
Bulgaria - Economy - May'2003
5/26/2003 12:00:00 AM
"20,000-Leva Credits for New Business," Troud" writes and explains that the credits will be floated under the JOBS programme of the Social Ministry to new businesses provided tha...
Bulgaria at Expo 2005 - EXHIBITION OF GLOBAL HARMONY
With Ordinance No.698 of October 30, 2002, the Council of Ministers of Republic Bulgaria assigned to the International Fair-Plovdiv the task of the overall organisation of the presentation of Bulga...
23rd INTERNATIONAL CONSUMER GOODS AND TECHNOLOGIES FAIR - Plovdiv(5-10 May'2003)
The largest Bulgarian forum for consumer industy has traditionally attracted broad busines circles from the country and abroad. It was first held in 1981. In 1985, the Spring Fair becomes a member ...
PRESIDENT PURVANOV - BRUSSELS
PRESIDENT PURVANOV - BRUSSELS
5/8/2003 12:00:00 AM
PRESIDENT PURVANOV - BRUSSELSPresident Purvanov Visits Brussels on May 8 \r\nSofia, May 7 (BTA) - President Georgi Purvanov will pay a one-day visit to Brussels on May 8, the Foreign Min...
Now in Plovdiv -INTERNATIONAL CONSUMER GOODS AND TECHNOLOGIES FAIR
Now in Plovdiv:\r\nInternational Consumer Goods And Technologies Fair - from 05.05.2003 to 10.05.2003\r\nINTERNATIONAL CONSUMER GOODS AND TECHNOLOGIES FAIR is popular...
General Borissov's resignation
General Borissov's resignation
4/30/2003 12:00:00 AM
Bulgaria - Press review - April 30General Borissov's resignation\r\nPrime Minister Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha will decide on the resignation of Interior Ministry Chie...
Bachkovo Monastery
Bachkovo Monastery
4/29/2003 12:00:00 AM
One of the oldest monasteries in the Bulgarian lands, it rises in the picturesque Chaya river valley, 29 km south of Plovdiv, toward Smolyan. Founded in 1083, Bachkovo Monastery is chiefly known fo...
Dobrich, Bulgaria - Easter Eggs
Dobrich, Bulgaria - Easter Eggs
4/24/2003 12:00:00 AM
Dobrich, Bulgaria - Easter Eggs\r\nApril 24, 2003: \r\nDobrich, Northeastern Bulgaria, April 24Children coloured 8 one-metre-long eggs in Dobrich on Thursday of Easter Week. This ...
Bulgaria - 23.04.2003
4/23/2003 12:00:00 AM
Graf Ignatievo-President-CINS network\r\nGraf Ignatievo, April 22President Georgi Purvanov opened officially a new Communications, Information and Navigation System at the Graf Ingantiev...